Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing, preventing, and treating dental and facial irregularities. The field of orthodontics primarily deals with correcting malocclusions, which are improper bites or misalignments of the teeth and jaws.
At Mega Dental, we perform orthodontic treatments to improve individuals' function, appearance, and overall oral health by aligning the teeth and jaws into their proper positions. The most common orthodontic issue we address is overcrowding, with insufficient space in the dental arch for all the teeth to fit correctly. Other common problems include spacing, misaligned teeth, overbites, underbites, crossbites, open bites, and various skeletal discrepancies.
Types of Orthodontic Treatment
- Traditional Metal Braces
Traditional braces consist of brackets, wires, and elastic bands. The brackets are bonded to the teeth, and the wires are threaded through them. By adjusting the tension and pressure of the wires, orthodontists can guide the teeth into their desired positions over time.
- Ceramic Braces
Ceramic braces function similarly to traditional metal braces but use tooth-colored or clear ceramic brackets. This makes them less noticeable and more aesthetically pleasing, particularly for individuals who prefer a more discreet treatment option.
- Self-Ligating Braces
Self-ligating braces function similarly to traditional braces but use brackets with built-in clips or doors to hold the archwire in place, eliminating the need for elastic bands. This design allows for easier and quicker adjustments and may reduce treatment time.
- Clear Aligners
Clear aligners like Invisalign are a popular alternative to traditional braces. They are custom-made transparent trays that fit over the teeth. These trays are replaced every few weeks to shift the teeth into proper alignment gradually.
Once orthodontic treatment is complete, retainers are often used to maintain the newly achieved alignment. Retainers help prevent the teeth from shifting back to their original positions and are typically worn for a specified period, usually at night.
The Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment
- Improved Oral Health
Properly aligned teeth are easier to clean, reducing the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health issues. Straight teeth also contribute to better overall oral hygiene.
- Enhanced Smile and Aesthetics
Orthodontic treatment can significantly improve the appearance of your smile. Aligning the teeth and jaws can correct gaps, crowding, and other dental irregularities, resulting in a more aesthetically pleasing smile.
- Enhanced Function and Bite
Correcting malocclusions can improve the way your teeth and jaws function. It can enhance chewing efficiency, reduce the strain on the jaw joints, alleviate discomfort, and even improve speech in some cases.
Orthodontic treatment is not limited to children and teenagers. Many adults seek orthodontic care to improve their smiles and correct dental irregularities. If you have any further questions about when you should get orthodontic treatment, visit Mega Dental at 10510 FM 1464 Suite 100, Richmond, TX 77407, or call (832) 930-7723. We’re always happy to answer any questions you may have.